Coding Programs for Kids: Free and Cheap Websites That Teach Kids Programming
Basic programming has become an essential skill for grown-ups and children alike, and the internet is full of coding programs for kids. The benefits of learning to code are huge: Building simple websites and games helps kids refine their design, logic, and problem-solving abilities, and also allows them to express ideas and creativity in unique ways. Thankfully, there are several free and low-cost programs, typically designed as fun games, that teach children how to code. We've rounded up 13 of our favorite affordable learn-to-code games and programs for kids, here.
Find even more fun ideas for building children's skills in our STEM and Science Experiments Guide.
MBlock teaches older kids several program languages. Image courtesy of mBlock
Free Coding Programs and Websites for Kids
This nonprofit foundation's website is an excellent starting point for coding novices. It shares plenty of useful online resources, apps, and even local schools that teach coding. The creator behind the Hour of Code movement that has led many tech companies to create free tutorials and basic programs accessible to all, Code.org's own Hour of Code page for kids includes dozens of grade-level-based coding games, from Moana to Minecraft. What's especially nice is how many activity options are accessible offline for kids with spotty internet.
Particularly useful to quickly demonstrate the very basic nature of what code is and how it works, Code Monster presents visitors with two adjacent boxes. One displays code, the other shows what the code does. As you play with the code (with some help from a prompt, and maybe a parent to begin with), you learn what each command does. if you have an older kid or 'tween who gets the basics, try Code Maven, a sister site.
Designed by MIT students and aimed at children ages 8 to 16, this easy-to-use programming language that is the foundation of many schools' coding programs lets kids build almost anything they can dream. There are no obscure lines of code here. Instead, arrange and snap together Scratch blocks as if they are virtual Lego (all with the help of a cheeky cat). It's more than just a coding guide; it's a vibrant online community of programmers who swap ideas and inspiration.
Based on Scratch and its "building block" approach to code, mBlock offers a step up for older kids who want to learn Python, AI, and other skills, too. For kids who learn best by playing games, the platform is available for free on mobile apps, too.
Known for its extensive and challenging math games, Khan Academy also has basic programming tutorials that teach kids how to build graphics, animations, interactive visualizations, and more. Its Hour of Code section is guided by an interactive video that guides users through a process of making a simple snowman, and links out to more advanced projects from there.
Designed by Apple for the iPad, Swift Playgrounds is a much more sophisticated-looking (but still simple to learn) version of Code Combat (see below), with the added benefit of being free. Best for ages 4 and up, Swift prompts kids to solve interactive puzzles in the guided "Learn to Code" lessons to master the basics of coding. Children can go on to experiment with a wide range of challenges that let users explore many unique coding lessons and experiences. It requires a Mac with an OS of 10.15.4 or higher, or an iPad with an OS of 13.4 or higher.
Kids learn how to program their own games. Photo courtesy of Code Combat
Low-Cost and Subscription-Based Coding Programs and Websites for Kids
Note that many of these programs have free trials that allow kids to learn the basics of the platform or game before signing on to more substantial programming.
Basic class is free, then $19.99/month
This interactive website is user-friendly and teaches kids basic code through fun, simple exercises that feel like games. To go beyond the basics, you'll need to subscribe.
Prices start at $20-$29/month following free trial
Prices start at $9.99/month following a free trial
Best for older kids, Code Combat uses an interactive, competitive gameplay mode for its coding program for kids. The first game is free to try, but after that, parents need to purchase a subscription. (Note: At publish time, the Code Combat landing page was heavily focused on its online classes for kids, but you can find direct, self-paced access to the game in small print halfway down the "Parents" page.)
Prices start at $6/month following free trial
Kids have to move a monkey around to solve problems, and get rewarded with stars as well as funny graphics and images along the way. Though a deeper dive into Code Monkey comes at a (still relatively affordable) cost, there are a substantial number of free challenges in the game to give kids a real experience without keying in the credit card.
Prices start at $10/month following free trial
Put those ubiquitous emojis to work educationally with this website that eschews complex codes for user-friendly expressions, quite literally: Kids learn to code by using emojis to substitute for HTML or CSS codes, and then can unleash their skills in the "playground" or "workshop" section of the site. Parents appreciate the clean, easy-to-follow design of the website.
Prices start at $6.99/month or $59.99/year following free trial
Starter program is free; or pay $99/year to publish work to your desktop as well as web
Inspired by Scratch's snapping blocks system, this software allows users to create simple games for moble or desktop devices. If your child is serious about it, there are paid pro plans that come with advanced functionality, including the ability to publish and sell your games. it's best for kids ages 12 and up.
Prices start at $20/month or $120/year after a free trial
Like many popular coding programs, Tynker works with interlocking blocks of code, making the language accessible to kids (5 to 17 is the recommended age range). Self-paced classes are split into recommended-age categories for easy entry points. Each child needs an account, but multi-child discounts are available, and there are occasional sales, too.
Kids can try self-paced classes with Tynker's coding program. Photo courtesy of Tynker
Learn to Code Apps for Phones and Tablets
In addition to the computer coding programs above, there are tons of great mobile apps if you're looking to teach your kids to code on the go. This is just a short list of coding apps for phones and tablets that have gotten thumbs-ups from parents; more are being released all the time.
This article was originally published in September 2013. Drew Kristofik and Kelley Heyworth contributed additional reporting.